Intentional burns are less frequent than accidental burns but can happen. They are either burns that are caused by the person to him/herself or burns caused by one person to another one. Children and elderly are susceptible to abuse by burns. In children scald and contact burn injuries are the most common type of intentional burn injury. These injuries have a higher death rate than accidental burns and require a longer stay period in the hospital. Elderly cases are reported with much less frequency than children due to embarrassment or fearing that the person who is causing the injury will repeat it again. Things that raise a suspicion of abuse are:
- The story given doesn't go along with the injury that happened.
- Giving different explanations about how the accident happened.
- There are multiple injuries and this is not the first one.
- The shape and location of the injury may give an indication that it's an induced injury.
If a person is causing burns to his/herself, a psychological evaluation and treatment may be needed.
This information is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice; it should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Call 911 for all medical emergencies.