Recently in Chlorine Poisoning And Chlorine Burns Category

April 14, 2010

Chlorine Poisoning And Chlorine Burns (part II)

Treatment:

  • Seek medical help immediately.
  • If the chemical exposure was on the skin or the eyes, cleansing of the skin or eyes with large amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. If the exposure on the skin results in chemical burn see chemical burns part I, II.
  • If the patient swallowed the chemical substance immediately give the person water or milk, unless told not to by a medical care provider. Don't give water or milk if the patient is vomiting, having convulsions, or other symptoms that make it hard for the patient to swallow. Don't make the patient throw up unless told to do so by a physician.
  • If the chemical is inhaled move the patient immediately away from that area to an area where there is fresh air.
Prevention:

Certain protective measures can be followed to prevent exposure to toxic levels of chlorine.

  • Protective masks and good ventilation for those working with the chemical will help avoid inhalation while working with the chemical.
  • Face shield and eye protection with breathing protection will help protect the eyes.
  • Protective clothing and insulating gloves will help protect the skin.
  • Proper handling of the chlorine containing substance.
  • Keeping all bleaching materials out of the reach of children in well secured containers.

This information is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice; it should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Call 911 for all medical emergencies.

April 13, 2010

Chlorine Poisoning And Chlorine Burns (part I)

Chlorine is a chemical compound that is found in a liquid and a gaseous form. The liquid is colorless to amber colored and the gas is greenish-yellow in color.

Chlorine is used in water purification because it prevents bacteria from growing. It is found in swimming pool water. Chlorine is used as a disinfecting agent in mild cleaners and some bleach products. It is also used in industrial products such as industrial plastic production and other industrial and consumer products.

Chlorine poisoning occurs when a person swallows it or inhales it. Chlorine reacts with water inside and outside the body to form acids which are extremely poisonous.

Symptoms:

The symptoms will depend on the part of the body affected.

  • Respiratory: may include cough, sore throat, a choking sensation, breathing difficulty, upper airway irritation and burns to mucous membranes and lungs, pulmonary edema (fluid filling the lung), inflammation of the sinuses and lungs, and lung infection.
  • Blood: change in the acidity of the blood.
  • Eyes: watering of the eyes, pain and burning sensation in the eyes, redness, burns, loss of vision.
  • Skin: when the skin comes in contact with chlorine it may lead to, irritation, pain, redness, burning sensation, frost bite, skin burns (see chemical burns part I, II).
  • Heart and blood vessels: collapse, possible arrhythmias (abnormal conduction), decrease in blood pressure.
  • Gastrointestinal: nausea and vomiting, severe abdominal pain, burns to the food pipe, vomiting blood or blood in the stool.
  • Nervous system: headache, dizziness, decrease consciousness level, coma.
  • Kidney: it may lead to kidney damage.
  • Liver: it may lead to liver damage.

This information is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice; it should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Call 911 for all medical emergencies.