Dermabrasion is a surgical procedure involving the removal (sanding) of the damaged top layer of the skin using a specialized instrument called a dermabrader. This procedure is used for scars as well as other skin conditions such as wrinkles and tattoos.
Dermabrasion improves the appearance of the scar or other skin abnormality as a new layer of skin will replace the skin that has been treated. This procedure won’t entirely remove the scar or other abnormality but it will improve its appearance by softening the edges of the scar or other lesions.
The procedure can be done in a surgeon’s office or in an outpatient surgical facility. After the procedure the skin will be swollen, red and tender. Swelling gradually subsides within 2-3 weeks. You may feel some burning, itching, aching or discomfort for a while after the surgery. Pain medication, antibiotics and anti-swelling medications can be prescribed. Ointment and special dressing will help speed the healing process and your physician will give you instructions on how to care for the wound. Healing usually occurs within seven to ten days.
At first the new skin that is formed is pink in color but will gradually return to its normal appearance. The skin pinkness will largely fade within 2 to 3 months. The new skin should closely match the surrounding skin when full color returns. You can resume your normal activities within 2 weeks. Any activity that can cause injury to the area that has been treated should be avoided. You should also avoid sports for 4 to 6 weeks. Sun protection is also important to avoid pigment alteration. Avoid exposure to sunlight both direct and indirect for at least 6 months and use sunscreens on a regular basis when outdoors.
Skin color changes in the form of increased pigment (darker) or decreased pigment (lighter) after treatment is one of the complications of dermabrasion.
You should contact your doctor if:
- The redness and swelling persists in the treated area as this could be a sign of a scar forming.
- There is discharge or yellowish crusting as this may indicate an infection.
This information is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice; it should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Call 911 for all medical emergencies.